Can tobacco mosaic virus infect other plants?
Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) is named for one of the first plants in which it was found in the 1800s. However, it can infect well over 350 different species of plants.
What plants can get mosaic virus?
Mosaic viruses affect a wide range of edible crops – alfalfa, apples, beans, celery, corn, cucumbers, figs, peppers, spinach, tobacco and tomatoes are some of the more common ones. They can also infect ornamental plants like abultilon, delphinium, gladiola, marigold, petunia and one of the most notable, roses.
How do you test for tobacco mosaic virus?
It has been reported that TMV could cause severe production loss and affect the quality of tobacco products1. Currently, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) are the most commonly used methods to detect TMV in plants2.
Who isolated tobacco mosaic virus?
Beijerinck, in 1898, was the first to call ‘virus’, the incitant of the tobacco mosaic. He showed that the incitant was able to migrate in an agar gel, therefore being an infectious soluble agent, or a ‘contagium vivum fluidum’ and definitively not a ‘contagium fixum’ as would be a bacteria.
How long does tobacco mosaic virus live on surfaces?
TMV is geographically widespread and economically significant. TMV is transmitted mechanically and is not known to have an invertebrate vector like some other viruses. It is very stable and persists in the soil and on surfaces and can survive almost 50 years in dead, dried plant tissue.
Is it safe to eat squash with mosaic virus?
Are squash and melons affected by mosaic virus safe to eat? “Yes,” says Nebraska Food Safety Educator Carol Larvick, citing information from Minnesota Extension. “These viruses are specific to plants and do not harm humans.
How do I know if my plant has mosaic virus?
Mosaic symptoms are variable but commonly include irregular leaf mottling (light and dark green or yellow patches or streaks). Leaves are commonly stunted, curled, or puckered; veins may be lighter than normal or banded with dark green or yellow.