What do most of the mosaics represent in the Hagia Sophia?

What do the symbols in the Hagia Sophia mean?

Hagia Sophia is a symbol of harmony, peace and tolerance in Turkey. It is an important symbol in Istanbul because it is a meeting point of the world’s religions. The walls of Hagia Sophia represent a blend between Islamic arts and symbols of Christianity. Hagia Sophia was a Church, a Mosque and today it’s a museum.

What do the calligraphy discs hung inside of the Hagia Sophia represent?

Calligraphic Medallions

The medallions contain the names of Allah and Muhammad; the first four caliphs Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and Ali; and Muhammad’s grandchildren Hassan and Hussein.

What elements of the architecture are classical legacies Hagia Sophia?

It combined the traditional design elements of an Orthodox basilica with a large, domed roof, and a semi-domed altar with two narthex (or “porches”). The dome’s supporting arches were covered with mosaics of six winged angels called hexapterygon.

What is the purpose of the Justinian mosaic in San Vitale?

This mosaic thus establishes the central position of the Emperor between the power of the church and the power of the imperial administration and military. Like the Roman Emperors of the past, Justinian has religious, administrative, and military authority.

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How is the Byzantine mosaic different from a Roman mosaic?

Whereas Roman mosaics were largely functional, Byzantine structures placed an emphasis on decorative touches. However, both styles were employed to honor religious figures and domestic life.

What was the first mosaic?

The oldest mosaic art has been traced back to a Mesopotamian temple that existed during the third millennium B.C. This art was made with stones, seashells, and ivory. Ancient Greek artists used small pebbles to make their mosaics. Greeks were also instrumental in developing mosaic art into complex patterns.